First record of Hemiberlesia cyanophylli (Hemiptera: Coccoidea) on Opuntia ficus-indica in México

Authors

  • Carlos Lázaro-Castellanos Posgrado en Fitosanidad-Entomología y Acarología, Colegio de Postgraduados, Campus Montecillo. Km 36.5 Carretera México-Texcoco. C.P. 56230. Montecillo, Texcoco, Estado de México, México.
  • Juan Manuel Vanegas-Rico Universidad NAcional Autónoma de México. Facultad de Estudios Superiores Iztacala, Laboratorio de Control de Plagas. Av. de los Barrios, No. 1, Los Reyes Iztacala, C.P. 54090. Tlanepantla de Baz, Estado de México, México.

Keywords:

Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes, Hemiberlesia cyanophylli

Abstract

Opuntia ficus-indica is a cactus distributed in more than 30 countries in the word, it is affected by the presence of hemipteran, of which the superfamily Coccoidea stand out, sessile insect, with a hard cover (armored scales) or without it (soft scales). There are other species of coccoids known as armed scales in the country, which are little studied, since they are usually secondary pests in crops. Therefore, the objective of this work is to present the first record of a species of armed scale on O. ficus-indica in Mexico. For this, cladodes of O. ficus-indica were collected and placed in tricot-nylon bags for review in the laboratory, a photographic record was made, sampling adult scales and fixed in 70% ethanol. The specimens were processed with the Hamon and Kosztarab technique and were determined; obtaining an identification of Hemiberlesia cyanophylli (Signoret) that can occupy up to 86% of the cladode surface.

Published

2021-04-14

Issue

Section

Research Notes